Citroen Xantia

since 1993 of release

Repair and car operation

Citroen Xantia
+ Introduction
+ Operation manual
+ Routine maintenance
+ engine Repair
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
- Engine electric equipment
   - Start and charge systems
      Diagnostics of malfunctions of electric equipment
      Check of a condition and battery charging
      Removal and installation of the storage battery
      Check of serviceability of functioning of system of a charge
      Removal, installation and adjustment of a tension of a belt of a drive of the generator
      Removal and generator installation
      Dismantling and generator assembly, check of a condition of internal components
      Check of serviceability of functioning of components of system of start
      Removal and starter installation
      Check of serviceability of functioning and starter repair
      Removal and installation of the switch of ignition
      Removal and installation of the sensor switch of a control lamp of pressure of oil
      Removal and installation of the sensor of level of impellent oil
      Removal and installation of the sensor of temperature of impellent oil
   + ignition System - petrol models
   + preheat System - diesel models
+ Coupling
+ Transmission
+ Power shafts
+ Uniform hydraulic system
+ Brake system
+ Running gear and steering
+ Body and salon furnish
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ electric equipment Schemes

Check of serviceability of functioning of components of system of start

Starter refusal at ignition key turn in the relevant situation can be connected with any of listed below the reasons:
   a) The battery is faulty;
   b) Quality of electric connection between the ignition switch, the traction relay of a starter, the battery and the starter electromotor is broken;
   c) The traction relay is faulty;
   d) Mechanical or electric damage of the electromotor of a starter takes place.


1. For check of the battery include head headlights. If some seconds later brightness of a luminescence of headlights goes down, therefore, the battery is discharged and demands additional charge or replacement (see. Check of a condition and battery charging). If brightness of a luminescence of headlights does not change, turn the ignition key. If now brightness of a luminescence falls, means, the current reaches the electromotor and the starter is faulty actually. If brightness of headlights on former remains invariable and thus is not audible click of operation of the traction relay malfunction actually the relay or its electric contour (see below), therefore, takes place. If the starter rotates too slowly, and level of a charge of the battery is in norm, or malfunction actually a starter takes place, or resistance on any site of a chain is excessively increased.
2. In the presence of suspicions on malfunction in an electric chain, disconnect from the battery all wires (including the grounding tire on a body). Also disconnect electroconducting from a starter / the traction relay and the tire of grounding of the power unit. Carefully smooth out contact plugs, then restore initial connection of wires and by means of the voltmeter or a lamp sampler make sure available full tension on the plug of connection of a positive wire of the battery to the traction relay. Make sure of serviceability of grounding. In order to avoid development of corrosion grease terminal connections of poles of the battery by acid-free vaseline. Remember that corrosion is the most frequent cause of infringement of quality of electric connections.
3. If the condition of the battery and all electric connections is found serviceable, check a contour condition. Disconnect a wire from the knife plug of the traction relay of a starter. Connect the voltmeter between the end of a wire and well earthed point (for example, the negative plug of the battery) and make sure available a food of a chain at the ignition key turned in the situation START. If a food moves regularly, therefore, a chain as it should be. In the absence of tension check a chain condition (address to Head Onboard electric equipment).
4. Check of contact connections of the traction relay can be made by a way of connection of the voltmeter or a lamp sampler between the food plug from the party of the relay turned to a starter and weight. At the ignition key turned in the situation START tension should take place. Otherwise the traction relay is subject to replacement.
5. If the condition of an electric chain and the traction relay is found serviceable, the cause of failure can be covered in failure of the electromotor of a starter and further check lies outside the limits of qualification of the average amateur mechanic. Before addressing for the help to experts carry out small marketing, having compared the prices for accessories to cost of the new or restored block.