Citroen Xantia

since 1993 of release

Repair and car operation

Citroen Xantia
+ Introduction
+ Operation manual
+ Routine maintenance
+ engine Repair
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
- Engine electric equipment
   - Start and charge systems
      Diagnostics of malfunctions of electric equipment
      Check of a condition and battery charging
      Removal and installation of the storage battery
      Check of serviceability of functioning of system of a charge
      Removal, installation and adjustment of a tension of a belt of a drive of the generator
      Removal and generator installation
      Dismantling and generator assembly, check of a condition of internal components
      Check of serviceability of functioning of components of system of start
      Removal and starter installation
      Check of serviceability of functioning and starter repair
      Removal and installation of the switch of ignition
      Removal and installation of the sensor switch of a control lamp of pressure of oil
      Removal and installation of the sensor of level of impellent oil
      Removal and installation of the sensor of temperature of impellent oil
   + ignition System - petrol models
   + preheat System - diesel models
+ Coupling
+ Transmission
+ Power shafts
+ Uniform hydraulic system
+ Brake system
+ Running gear and steering
+ Body and salon furnish
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ electric equipment Schemes

Check of serviceability of functioning and starter repair

Complete diagnostics of a starter should be made in the conditions of a car-care center workshop. Depending on model, on Citroёn Xantia cars starters of Valeo (Ducellier) or Bosch firms can be established. Inclusion of a stator is made by means of the electromagnetic actuator (the traction relay), providing connection of a starter with the storage battery. At the same time traction relay displaces assembly of a mobile gear wheel with the obgonny coupling to a gear wreath of a flywheel / a driving disk. After engine start the coupling provides a gear wheel conclusion from gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel, preventing thereby destruction of anchor assembly.



1. For starter check at full tension it is necessary to connect among themselves by means of a wire section not less than 4 mm of 2 plugs 30 (the big plug on Bosch starter) and 50 (Shtekerny contact to the right of the big plug).
2. If now the starter starts to work regularly, it is necessary to check a condition of the electroconducting brought to it. If the starter still does not work, it is necessary to remove it from the car and to make detailed diagnostics at the control stand in a specialized workshop.
3. The replaceable starter on the type should correspond to requirements of the engine established on the car.

Bosch firm starter


Assembly diagram of a starter of Bosch firm

The description of procedures of repair of a starter of Bosch firm is provided in the present Section.


1. Turn out bolts from the forward party of the traction relay and deduce from gearing the driving lever.
2. Give fixing bolts and uncover the back party of a starter.
3. Turn out bolts of a cover of the bearing of a collector.
4. By means of a screw-driver remove a fixing clip from a pin of a shaft of anchor assembly. Remove fine details, then uncover (in case of need again use a screw-driver as the lever). Do not forget about podkladny washers.
5. Take from svy directing coal brushes, remove a shchetkoderzhatel.
6. Remove the starter case with polar windings. Remove a persistent finger of the driving lever, take the lever.
7. Take sealing laying from a bearing cover (try to remember an installation order).
8. Brushes are soldered to their windings of polar coils and are replaced only assembled with the last (see further).

9. Turn out four screws of a polar boot. Rotate screws, having rested against the region of a shliyets the end of a brass drift and putting on its opposite end weak, but sharp blows with a hammer.

10. Take a polar boot and remove from it the coil with a brush.

11. For removal of anchor assembly or a gear wheel of a starter execute the following procedures:
   a) By means of a piece of a pipe of suitable diameter bring down down a persistent ring, having released the lock ring specified by an arrow;

   b) Take a lock ring from the flute on a pin of a shaft of an anchor;
   c) Chamfer an edge of a pin of a shaft;

   d) Clamp an anchor in a vice with soft sponges and remove from a shaft a driving gear wheel;

12. Wash out special gasoline all components, except for polar coils. Check an anchor on existence of signs of the burned-down windings. Estimate smoothness of a surface of a collector. The collector can be processed by a fine-grained emery paper. Strongly worn-out collector can be subjected to a pro-point (within the minimum admissible value of diameter). In case of doubts do not hesitate to address for consultations to experts.

The driving gear wheel is not subject to dismantling and in case of failure is replaced assembled.


Assembly is made upside-down. Pay attention that the minimum admissible thickness of brushes makes 13 mm. For replacement the old brush should be crushed flat-nose pliers and to smooth out the wire end. Then the wire should be inserted into a new brush, to fluff up from its reverse side and, holding flat-nose pliers, to solder.


Special attention turn for the next moments:
   a) Do not forget to replace a lock ring of a driving gear wheel;

   b) After landing of a lock ring rest a persistent ring against a support of a press and press in it a lock ring, pressing on an anchor shaft;

   c) At replacement of the plug of a cover of the collector bearing (the plug выпрессовывается from a cover) the cover before landing of the new plug should be warmed up in hot oil within 5 minutes;

   d) At installation of the traction relay track, that the pusher correctly entered into the driving lever. It is necessary to grease the points designated by letters before assembly by hermetic.

Axial люфт anchors should lie within 0.1 ÷ 0.3 mm and it is regulated by selection of thickness of the leveling washer stacked between the end of the plug in a cover of the bearing and the With-shaped washer

Valeo (Ducellier) firm starter

Assembly diagram of a starter of Valeo (Ducellier)

Works on dismantling of a starter are made on assembly diagram. Brushes for replacement should be отпаяны.



1. Turn out two long bolts and the central bolt, uncover. Try to remember the adjusting provision of washers.
2. Remove the starter case.
3. Remove the traction relay.
4. Beat out a pin from the lever of a drive of a gear wheel. To beat out a pin follows справ on the left, looking from a drive.
5. Take an anchor from a bearing cover from a drive. Check an anchor condition. Wipe the rags moistened in gasoline a collector (gasoline should not get on windings). Strongly polluted collector can be smoothed out by means of a fine-grained emery paper.
6. In case of identification прогаров the collector should be pierced. Work should be made by means of the special adaptations, allowing to supervise and maintain the minimum admissible diameter (deliver assembly in a car-care center workshop).
7. Nozhovochnym a cloth make spent on drink depth of 0.5 mm between collector plates.
8. Check freedom of a course of a driving gear wheel, in case of need make replacement (see further).
9. Remove a lock ring from a pin of a shaft of an anchor, then by means of a piece of a pipe of suitable diameter bring down a persistent ring (as it was described for Bosch starter).
10. Check a condition of coal brushes, if necessary make their replacement. Brushes should be отпаяны from polar coils.



1. Before assembly grease the forward plug.
2. Establish an anchor and the traction relay in a bearing cover from a drive. Hammer (on the left side) a pin of the driving lever.
3. Grease the back plug and establish a cover. Track correctness of introduction in gearing of springs.
4. When fastening a cover track correctness of installation of washers. Screw the central bolt. Need for adjustment of a free wheeling of a gear wheel of a stator is absent.
5. Screw two long coupling bolts.