Citroen Xantia

since 1993 of release

Repair and car operation



Citroen Xantia
+ Introduction
- Operation manual
   Car equipment, arrangement of devices and governing bodies
   Operation receptions
   Comfort
   Recommendations about car operation
+ Routine maintenance
+ engine Repair
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Coupling
+ Transmission
+ Power shafts
+ Uniform hydraulic system
+ Brake system
+ Running gear and steering
+ Body and salon furnish
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ electric equipment Schemes



Operation manual

Specifications

Fuel consumption

City cycle / Outside the city / Mixed cycle / Issue WITH 2

The Hatchback models (values are given in brackets for the Versatile person models)

Engine

km l/100

1.6 i

11.7/6.6/8.5/204

1.8 i

1.8 (11.9) / 6.4 (6.5) / 8.4 (8.5) / 205 (207)

1.8 i, 16 клап.

12.2 (12.4) / 6.7 (7.0) / 8.7 (9.0) / 209 (214)

2.0 i

14.3 (14.6) / 7.2 (7.6) / 9.8 (10.3) / 235 (244)

2.0 i, 16 клап.

12.9 (13.2) / 6.9 (7.2) / 9.1 (9.4) / 219 (233)

Turbo of ST

13.9 (14.2) / 7.6 (7.7) / 9.9 (10.1) / 237 (241)

V6/24S

15.9/8.0/10.9/260

1.9SD

9.1 (9.3) / 5.6 (5.8)/6.9 (7.1)/179 (185)

Turbo of D

9.3 (9.4) / 5.5 (5.6) / 6.9 (7.0) / 181 (183)

2.1 Turbo of D

9.4 (9.5) / 5.5 (5.7) / 7.0 (7.1) / 183 (184)

Maximum speed

Engine

km/h

Hatchback

• Petrol models

 

      - Engine of 1.6 l

176

      - Engine of 1.8 l

180

      - Engine of 1.8 l, 16-klap.

194

      - Engine of 2.0 l

194

      - Engine of 2.0 l 16-klap.

201

      - Engine of a turbo of ST

213

      - Engine of V6 24 S

230 (225 at AT)

• Diesel models

      - Engine of 1.9 l of SD

165

      - The engine from 1.9 l a turbo-supercharging

177

      - The engine of 2.1 l, with a turbo-supercharging

190

Versatile person

 

• Petrol models

 

      - Engine of 1.8 l

177

      - Engine of 1.8 l 16-klap.

189

      - Engine of 2.0 l

193

      - Engine of 2.0 l 16-klap.

198

      - Engine of a turbo of ST

205

• Diesel models

 

      - The engine of 1.9 l with a turbo-supercharging

172

      - Engine of a turbo of Enterprise

172

      - Engine of 1.9 SD

160

      - Engine of 2.1 l of the Turbo

180

General information

The general instructions for use are provided in the present section by the car equipment. More detailed information, separately on each of knots contains in the following sections of this Chapter.

Access Protection

Keys - Remote control

The remote control allows to make remote unlocking/locking of doors/cover of a luggage compartment. The panel represents a short-wave radiator with the wide directional pattern and when using not necessarily should go strictly on the receiver located in the car.

In case of the category of batteries or failure of the panel door locks can be unlocked/are locked by means of a key.

Codes and number of keys

Carefully write down numbers of keys, a control panel, and also a code of a radio tape recorder and store them in a reliable place (separately from documents on a vehicle).

The ignition key with system of the pulse repeater

Store in a reliable place the special card containing number of your confidential code. In case of loss of Citroёn can make to you new naturals the help of these numbers.

Equipment of seats

Position of the driver

In the car possibility of adjustment of a set of ergonomic parameters of a seat and the steering column is provided, allowing as much as possible to adapt it for a structure of a body of the driver. The following parameters are subject to adjustment:
   a) Adjustment of height and provision of a seat, inclination of a back, height and head restraint inclination;
   b) Wheel adjustment on height;
   c) Adjustment of seat belts on height.

Seat belts

Requirements of traffic regulations concerning use of seat belts in no way cannot be carried to number of the purely nominal. At emergency collisions and sharp braking of a vehicle belts considerably reduce risk of receiving by the driver and passengers of the car of heavy traumas and mutilations.

Seat belts of forward seats of the car are equipped with inertial returnable devices, and on some models also special emergency natyazhitel on пиропатронах.

Depending on the version, back seats are equipped with two or three seat belts of inertial type.

Do not make adjustment of provision of seats during movement.

Additional resources of safety

Natyazhiteli of a belt

Natyazhiteli serve to pull back a seat belt and it is better to press a body to a back of a forward seat. By means of this adaptation efficiency of seat belts considerably increases.

Blokiratora of a belt

Blokiratora strongly clamp a belt. Thus, when blocking forward seat belts, they are extended for very small length, limiting to that inertial advance of the driver/passenger at collision.

Seat belts with effort restriction

If the car is equipped with face-to-face safety cushions, the system of blokirator of belts is replaced with system of restriction of the effort, allowing to increase protection at a head-on collision, limiting impact of a seat belt on a body of the passenger.

Safety cushion

Depending on the version, the car can be equipped, face-to-face and lateral safety cushions. All pillows are intended for repayment of the impulse acquired by a body of the driver / the forward passenger at front/lateral blow of a vehicle. Filling of pillows occurs for fractions of a second and allows to minimize risk of receiving injuries of the head and a thorax.

Remember that existence in the car of safety cushions is not a reason for refusal of using by seat belts.

Children in the car

Precautionary measures

The design of a seat and seat belt should correspond to age and growth of the passenger settling down in it.

Do not try to correct at all seat parameters at the expense of a podkladyvaniye of the additional divanny pillows intended for house use.

Do not hold the child on hands.

Electropackage

Watch for being in car salon children at management of the electric drive of window regulators / the top hatch.

Do not allow children plaid about with control units (a drive of window regulators, the hatch, the hand brake, etc.). Do not leave children in car salon without supervision.

Do not leave in the car keys, - children can be closed by means of clamps of the door lock.

Road

Many children quickly get tired on the way and start to be nervous.

During distant travel regularly arrange small rest, away from the road where children could relax.

Never establish a children's seat on a place of the forward passenger if the car is equipped with a safety cushion of the passenger.

The Citroёn network can offer you as an accessory the sun the protective shtorka adapted for your car. These shtorka allow to protect salon from hit of direct sunshine effectively.

Car loading

Observance listed below rules will allow to keep at high level controllability of the car on the road:
   a) Do not exceed the maximum resolved gross weight of the car;
   b) Conform speed of movement and a driving manner to extent of loading of the car;
   c) Always fix heavy subjects in a luggage compartment. If large-sized cargo does not get into a luggage compartment and it should be transported in salon, try to fix reliably it seat belts of a back seat;
   d) Do not use the back shelf for transportation of firm and heavy subjects which are potentially dangerous and are capable to injure drivers/passengers, having broken from the place at sharp braking of a vehicle. The back shelf is intended for storage on it easy automobile, on it it is possible to put books in soft covers, and also clothes subjects;
   e) Do not forget to correct the provision of block headlights according to extent of loading of a vehicle.

Verification of road characteristics of the car

Lighting and review

Before departure in a trip surely check:
   a) Serviceability of functioning and correctness of adjustment of lighting and alarm devices. In case of need replace the failed lamps;
   b) Purity of glasses and rear-view mirrors;
   c) Correctness of adjustment of rear-view mirrors.

Control lamps (depending on model and the equipment)

At ignition key turn in situation M, on an instrument guard of the car should light up defined a control lamp (see. Operation receptions).

If any of lamps do not work, it testifies to malfunctions in certain systems of the car — consult with specialists of car-care center.

Tires

Pressure in tires should correspond to recommendations of the producer.

Before departure in a trip check pressure of a rating of tires, without forgetting a spare wheel. Insufficient pressure can provoke a rupture of the tire. Check of pressure of a rating of tires should be made on cold wheels.

Watch a condition of protectors. Special indicators of wear allow to define in due time the approach moment to border of safe use of tires.

Running in period

Performance given below recommendations on the first 1500 km of run, will allow to achieve the maximum extent of return from the new car with preservation of its commodity qualities:
   a) Get under way from a place smoothly, move without breakthroughs, with moderate speed, trying to hold engine turns within 2/3 admissible ranges (if the car is equipped with a tachometer);
   b) Avoid sharp braking;
   c) Try not to move long on one transfer;
   d) On the first 1000 km of run avoid towage of other vehicles and do not use the trailer.

After passing of 1000 km (the petrol engine) or 1500 km (the diesel engine) run start to raise gradually turns to the maximum mode.

Usually only after the first 3000 km (gasoline) or 5000 km (diesel engine) the engine leaves on an optimum mode of functioning with maximum efficiency of return.

In a running in regularly check level of impellent oil since its consumption at this operational phase of the car can be rather big.

In a range between 1500 and 2500 km of run it is necessary to carry out planned technical inspection at Citroёn company car repair shop.

Replacement of impellent oil, is carried out earlier, and during this visit, is not necessary.

Start and engine stop

Petrol engine

The control unit of system of injection of fuel carries out adjustment of all parameters necessary for start, both at cold, and at the hot engine. Told means that need for squeezing during implementation of start of a pedal of gas is absent.

Diesel engine

Wait some seconds while the control lamp of preheat will go out, after it start to make engine start by a starter.

Instead of warming up the engine on the raised turns, choose moderate rate of driving on the first kilometers of movement.

Before suppressing the engine, dump its turns. The last in a special measure treats the models equipped with system of a turbo-supercharging as violation of this condition is interfaced to risk of premature failure of a turbokompressor.

Inclusion of any of control lamps at the working engine testifies to a malfunction in the relevant system (see. Car equipment, arrangement of devices and governing bodies). Address for consultation on car repair shop.

Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases

Catalytic converter

The structure of system of production of the fulfilled gases of the cars equipped both petrol, and the diesel engine can include the catalytic converter, reducing level of the contents the fulfilled gases of the engine of toxic components.

For filling equipped with the catalytic converter petrol models use only unleaded gasoline as presence at fuel even insignificant amount of lead can provoke destruction of the oxygen sensor (l-probe) and a working element of the converter.

The catalytic converter starts to function after a warming up to a certain temperature. Try not to allow contact of the case of the converter to easily flammable materials (for example, a dry grass).

Otsekaniye of supply of fuel (see the section of the Recommendation about car operation).

Petrol models of Citroёn Xantia cars are equipped with the device cutting supply of fuel in the carburetor at strong blow.

The fulfilled gases

The composition of the fulfilled gases includes extremely toxic monooxide of carbon (WITH), not subject to fast identification in view of lack of color and a smell.

Inhalation WITH can cause loss of consciousness and even death.

At all do not leave the car with working engine in the closed or badly aired room!

Driving

Brake system

The brake system is a basic element of your safety. Braking of the car is provided with four disk brake mechanisms (on one on each of wheels) and the hydraulic system consisting of two independent brake contours (forward and back).

The hydraulic booster allows to reduce necessary effort of squeezing of a pedal of a foot brake at the working engine.

If the engine is muffled, strengthening of brakes does not operate and the effort by pressing a pedal considerably increases. Accept all necessary precautions if you need to move the car.

Movement on a damp paving

Movement on a wet paving is accompanied by fast moistening of brake disks and the blocks, involving a certain decrease in efficiency of braking. From time to time slightly brake, that heat allocated at a friction dried working surfaces of components of brake mechanisms. The same should be made after a wash of the car.

System of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS)

ABS (see. Operation receptions). озволяет to keep control over driving, during braking practically any intensity at the expense of prevention of blocking of wheels.

The parking brake (see. Operation receptions)

Before leaving the car, make sure that the parking brake is cocked that guarantees a car immovability even at a parking it on an inclined surface.

At a parking on abrupt slopes it is recommended to include a first/reverse gear and to develop wheels to a sidewalk border (or from it if the car is parked by a back down).

Care of brakes

Brake shoes. Service life of brake shoes directly depends on car service conditions (a city cycle, movement on a serpentine or in the hilly district, etc.) and driving manners.

Before a wear-out of brake shoes on a control panel the corresponding control lamp lights up. Replacement of brake shoes it is most correct in the conditions of a car-care center workshop.

Brake liquid (see. Recommendations about car operation). Replacement of brake liquid should be made regularly according to the schedule of routine maintenance of the car (address to Head Routine maintenance).

Excessively long use of brake liquid can entail loss of efficiency of braking.

Remember that strictness of observance of the schedule of routine maintenance is guarantee of reliability of all knots and car systems, including brake system.

Movement in the conditions of a rain and the lowered visibility

The probability of pro-slipping and car drift at movement in the conditions of the increased humidity is defined by intensity of a rain and degree of wear of protectors.

Try to maintain reasonable speed of movement, in case of need do stops, waiting a thunder-storm and squalls in a safe place.

Observe a distance in relation to other cars.

During a fog correlate speed of movement of the car to real visibility. At the corresponding complete set surely include fog lights and the back antifog lamps doing your car is more appreciable for the following behind drivers.

Back antifog lamps have high intensity of a luminescence, switch off them at once, as soon as in them need disappears not to blind other drivers!

The orange control lamp on an instrument guard of the panel reminds the driver of functioning of back antifog lamps.

Movement in a winter season

Engine start in hard frosts

Viscosity impellent transmission oils at strong decrease in air temperature considerably raises. To facilitate engine start, turn it a starter at the squeezed-out pedal of coupling.

Ice

Depending on local weather conditions the icing of a paving can already begin with +3°С.

If to postpone a trip, despite ice, it is not possible, it is necessary to double attentiveness and care at management of a vehicle.

The weakened coupling of protectors with the road to movement time on snow considerably reduces controllability the car and efficiency of braking of a vehicle.

At movement under a bias try to carry out braking by the engine (include the 2nd or even the 1st transfer). When using brakes, try to squeeze out a pedal as it is possible more smoothly.

The Citroёn company brings to attention of owners of cars a wide choice of winter tires and chains of antisliding which will allow to operate the car with high degree of safety in the heaviest road conditions.

After driving on snow or on the roads strewed by structure against an icing carefully clean and wash the car, especially lower part of a body.

Special conditions

Movement on roads with a gravel covering

Observe a safe distance to moving ahead of vehicles. To all other, it will allow you to avoid body and windscreen damages at blows on them of the stones which are taking off from under wheels ahead of going cars.

If, despite all accepted measures to avoid damage of a body it is not possible, the Citroёn company can bring to attention of owners of cars the special pencil corresponding to color of the concrete car and allowing заретушировать scratch.

Movement on off road terrain and during floods

Movement on off road terrain is always connected with risk of damage of tires, rims of panels of the bottom and thresholds, besides, the probability of violation of adjustment of a suspension bracket of driving wheels of the car is great.

At movement вброд or on the flooded road water can get into the engine and cause its damage.

If flood found you on the way and water reaches thresholds, without deliberating, leave the car and take cover in a safe place.

Towage of the trailer and emergency vehicles

We remind that you can cause at any time Citroёn company Ambulance, towage during a warranty period of service is made free of charge.

Cargo transportation on a car roof

The maximum allowable weight of the cargo transported on the top luggage carrier should not exceed 75 kg.

Road incidents

If in a way lights up any of control lamps, stop the car and switch off ignition.

Study the Operation manual on a vehicle (this Chapter), that the nobility how to behave.

If there is a need to glance in an impellent compartment, remember that the fan of system of cooling can continue to work still some time after an engine stop, reacting to stagnant thermal zones.

Accept precautionary measures not to burn, especially at check of level of cooling liquid (see. Recommendations about car operation).

In case of a puncture of the tire turn on the alarm system, will land passengers, arrange them in a safe place, far from the road, after it start wheel replacement.

Do not perform any works under the car withheld in the lifted condition by means of only one jack.