Citroen Xantia

since 1993 of release

Repair and car operation



Citroen Xantia
+ Introduction
+ Operation manual
- Routine maintenance
   + Weekly checks
   - Routine maintenance of the car - petrol models
      Regular service
      Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
      Check of a condition of hoses, and identification of sources of leaks
      Check of adjustment of coupling
      Check of level of ATF
      Suspension bracket and steering drive
      Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
      Reading of memory of the block of self-diagnostics
      Replacement of the dust removal filter (model with To/in)
      Check of a condition of a coolant of central air of air
      Replacement of spark plugs
      Check of a condition of system of ignition
      Check and adjustment of turns and quality of a mix of idling
      Check of serviceability of functioning of systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
      Check of a condition and replacement of a belt of a drive of auxiliary units
      Greasing of the mechanism of a drive of switching off of coupling
      Check of a condition of blocks of brake mechanisms of lobbies and back wheels
      Check of serviceability of functioning and adjustment of the parking brake
      Trial runs
      AT transmission liquid replacement
      Greasing of locks and loops
      Replacement of a filtering element of an air purifier
      Check of level of transmission oil (model with RKPP)
      Replacement of the fuel filter
      Replacement of hydraulic LHM liquid and returnable filter
      Check of a condition of brake supports, disks and hydraulic hoses
      Replacement of a belt of a drive of GRM
      Replacement of cooling liquid
   + Routine maintenance of the car - diesel models
+ engine Repair
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Coupling
+ Transmission
+ Power shafts
+ Uniform hydraulic system
+ Brake system
+ Running gear and steering
+ Body and salon furnish
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ electric equipment Schemes



Replacement of spark plugs

THROUGH EACH 30 000 KM (18 000 MILES) RUN

Efficiency of return of the power unit considerably depends on serviceability of functioning of spark plugs. It is important, that candles on the standard size corresponded to the engine established on the car (see. Specifications at the beginning of this Chapter or Head the Operation manual). Under condition of implementation of the mentioned requirements and serviceability of a condition of the engine of a spark plug seldom need attention, besides need of performance of procedures of routine maintenance of the car. Need for cleaning of candles arises also extremely seldom, procedure should be made only with use of the special adaptation, the risk of damage of working parts of electrodes otherwise takes place.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. In the absence of factory marking on VV wires of spark plugs, mark wires independently by means of an adhesive tape according to numbering of cylinders (it is considered the first the cylinder next to transmission).

2. Try not to damage isolation of wires. Accurately remove tips of wires from shafts of candles (in order to avoid damage of the contact plug pull only for a tip, - at all for a wire).

3. Before starting a reversing of spark plugs it is necessary to remove from their niches small garbage and dirt in order to avoid their hit in cylinders. Use a small brush, or blow niches the compressed air (the ordinary bicycle pump perfectly will be suitable for this purpose).

4. By means of the special key equipped with the elastic loose leaf, turn out spark plugs. In order to avoid damage of a ceramic insulator try to hold at a reversing of a candle a key head parallel to its axis. Having turned out all candles, make check of their condition (see further).

5. The external condition of candles can give a lot of useful information about degree of wear of the engine. If the working end of a candle shines and is free from raids and deposits, therefore, in chambers of combustion too poor air and fuel mix moves, or the candle has excessively high kalilny number (heat removal from electrodes in a hot candle occurs less intensively, than in cold).
6. If the working end of a candle and an internal central insulator are covered with a thick layer of sazhisty deposits, therefore, the mix is too enriched. The black color of a working part of a candle in a combination to traces of oil testifies to internal wear of the engine, or also excessive enrichment of a mix.
7. Golden or grayish-brown coloring of a working part of a candle is the certificate of the correct configuration of an air and fuel mix and good internal state of the engine.
8. One of the major parameters defining efficiency of an iskroobrazovaniye of a candle is the size of an interelectrode gap. Nominal rates of candle gaps are specified in Specifications.

9. For installation of an interelectrode gap measure it by means of special щупа, then extremely accurately turn in a lateral electrode in the corresponding direction. Do not try to correct at all the provision of the central electrode as it can lead to failure of an internal porcelain insulator that is fraught with the most serious consequences. Shchup of lezviyny type of nominal thickness should slip hardly in a gap between electrodes.


10. Special tools for correction of gaps can be got practically in any shop of automobile accessories.

11. Before installation of candles make sure of reliability of fixing of carving nozzles, and also in purity and serviceability of a condition of rounds of a carving. Often наживить a candle in a carving opening of a niche without a distortion it appears rather difficult. In order to avoid damage of a carving to a head of cylinders at such distortion put on a candle shaft a piece of a fuel hose of suitable diameter. Grasp for the hose end fingers and begin наживлять a candle. As soon as the distortion will cause appreciable resistance to rotation, the hose will start to be turned that completely excludes risk of damage of a carving.

12. Having finished nazhivleny candles, remove from it a hose piece. The further tightening is made by means of a dinamometrichesky key. Operating in the same manner, establish on the engine all spark plugs.

13. In summary, connect to candles of VV of a wire and establish into place all components acting in film for the purpose of ensuring access.