Citroen Xantia

since 1993 of release

Repair and car operation

Citroen Xantia
+ Introduction
+ Operation manual
+ Routine maintenance
- Engine repair
   + the Repair procedures which are not demanding extraction of the engine from the car - petrol engines
   - The repair procedures which are not demanding extraction of the engine from the car - diesel engines
      Measurement of kompressionny pressure and engine check on tightness
      Fixing cranked / distributive shaft and TNVD for the purpose of prevention of casual hit of valves in contact to pistons in the course of performance of procedures of service of the car
      Removal and installation of a cover of a head of cylinders
      Removal and installation of a pulley of a cranked shaft
      Removal and installation of covers of a gas-distributing belt
      Belt of a drive of GRM - the general information, removal, check of a condition and installation
      Removal and installation of cogwheels of a belt of a drive of GRM
      Removal and installation of components of the right support of the power unit and natyazhitel of a gas-distributing belt
      Removal and installation of an intermediate roller of a gas-distributing belt
      Removal, check of a condition and installation of a camshaft and pushers of valves
      Check and adjustment of klapanny gaps
      Removal and installation of a head of cylinders
      Removal and installation of the pallet of a case
      Removal, check of a condition and installation of the oil pump with a driving chain
      Replacement of epiploons
      Sensors of level, pressure and temperature of impellent oil - the general information
      Removal, check of a condition and flywheel installation / driving disk
      Check of a condition and replacement of support of a suspension bracket of the power unit
      Removal and installation of a maslookhladitel
   + Removal and major maintenance of the engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Coupling
+ Transmission
+ Power shafts
+ Uniform hydraulic system
+ Brake system
+ Running gear and steering
+ Body and salon furnish
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ electric equipment Schemes

Measurement of kompressionny pressure and engine check on tightness

Check of kompressionny pressure

It is required special компрессометр for diesel engines.

At decrease in efficiency of return of the engine, and also at emergence of admissions of ignition of a mix which cannot be explained by malfunctions in a power supply system check of kompressionny pressure in cylinders will help to define the general condition of the engine and to establish the reason of taking place violations. Regular measurement of kompressionny pressure allows to reveal beforehand and developing malfunctions and to avoid the troubles connected with refusals of knots and systems of the car.


1. Check is made by means of special компрессометра, intended for compression measurement on diesel engines and calculated on a high pressure. The measuring instrument is connected to the carving nozzle, rolled an opening under glow plug or nozzle installation. On considered models the nozzle under forsunochny openings in view of limitation of access to candle is required. Hardly it is necessary to get компрессометр in continuous using for carrying out incidental checks, - it will be more reasonable to hire it, or to carry out measurements at car repair shop.

2. Follow instructions of manufacturers of the device. In the absence of instructions it is necessary to take care of implementation of the following general requirements:
   a) The battery should be in good repair and is completely charged, the engine - is heated-up to normal working temperature;
   b) All nozzles (or glow plugs) should be turned out. At removal of nozzles do not forget to take also a washer of plamegasitel that the last did not appear are beaten out developed in chambers of combustion by pressure;
   c) The electromagnetic locking valve of shutdown of supply of fuel should be disconnected in order to avoid intake of fuel in cylinders and casual start of the engine.
3. During check there is no need to hold a pedal of gas squeezed out as air soaked up in the engine is not banished via the throttle chamber.
4. The absolute size of the removed indications, how many uniformity of distribution of pressure between cylinders (is important not so much see. Specifications).
5. The reason of decrease in kompressionny pressure on diesel engines is usually established slightly more difficult, than on the petrol. Thus carrying out "damp" check by a flood in cylinders of a small amount of oil does not give desirable result in view of a high probability of leaving of oil in the vortical chamber or in deepening in the piston bottom instead of filling of landing gaps of piston rings.
6. Pressure in all cylinders should be almost identical. In the indications, exceeding the value stipulated in Specifications, it is necessary to consider a difference as a violation sign. Remember that pressure in the serviceable engine should rise quickly enough. The low indication on the first step with gradual increase it on the subsequent, speaks about wear of piston rings. If pressure does not rise at all, it is necessary to check tightness of closing of valves and a condition of laying of a head of cylinders (the probability of formation of cracks in a head body is not excluded also). The congestion of deposits on the bottom surfaces of plates of valves also can cause loss of kompressionny pressure.
7. Excessively high indications testify also nagaroobrazovaniye development on internal surfaces of a head of cylinders, valves and pistons. A head it is necessary to remove and make its dekarbonizatsiya (see. Removal and major maintenance of the engine).

Engine check on leaks

During check speed of an exit from cylinders of the compressed air pumped in them is defined. This check is some kind of alternative to measurement of kompressionny pressure. Moreover, from many points of view, it is much more effective, as allows to reveal visually a source of leakage of air that often there is more visually, than a treatment of results of measurement of a compression.

Unfortunately, the equipment necessary for carrying out check on leaks, is not among shirokodostupny therefore it will be more reasonable to charge performance of procedure to specialists of car-care center.